Since the very beginning of the Great Patriotic War the
institute's activities were completely dedicated to the needs of the war. The
production of tetanus sera, anti-gangrene preparations, vaccines against typhoid fever and
cholera. The records of 1942 say: 110 000 wounded people were vaccinated against
anaerobe gangrene, more than 1 120 000 soldiers were injected with serum against tetanus
made in the institute. The institute's staff was repeatedly praised by high command
for uninterrupted supply of vaccine and serum preparations.
after the end of the war a new and promising course of action was taken in the
institute - the development of anti- microbe remedies and preventative medicines, the
antibiotic sanasin and antitumor preparation neocid were developed. On the regained
territory scientists organise and administer anti-epidemic campaign, fighting mass
diseases typhoid fever and parasitogenic disease, dysentery, diphtheria.
At present the main direction of the institute's policy is the
development of new methods of diagnostics, treatment, and preventative measures against
infectious diseases. New anti-microbe preparations were developed here, thoroughly
researched, and put into practice: Ectericid, Chlorophilipt, Decametoxin, diagnostic
preparation Lecitovitellin. A new, the world's unrivalled anatoxin of blue-purulent
bacillus for treating patients was designed, as well as hyperimmune antitoxicant plasma
based on blue-purulent bacillus - the preparation that was pit forward and is being
successfully used since then.
New scientific projects are being actively applied in medical practice,
and pay considerable social and medical dividends. The institute established co-operation
links with 30 higher education institutions and research institutes, sanitary epidemic
organisations of the country, with many hospitals. The institute is the republics centre
of meningococcus infection research. The institute is extending its research in the field
of clinical microbiology, new methods and ways of treating hospital born infections and
sepsis, coronary, rotary and hyper viral diseases, listerios are being developed.
Following the accident in Chernobyl the institute intensified its
activities on the territories of Zhitomir and Rovno regions, commissioned by the
Supreme Council of Ukraine the institute developed radiation defence of the population
conception. The research data in the fields of radio-biology, the long term and the short
term methods of fighting infectious diseases in conditions of ecological and economic
crisis are summarised in papers "Allergy and Ecology", "AIDS infection.
Hypotheses and Facts", "Adaptation Syndrome and Immunity",
"Mathematical Modelling in Developing New Anti-microbe Preparations",
"Optimal Disease Principle", "Medical and Social Consequences of Nuclear
Disaster", "Self- regulation in Microbiocenoses and New Approaches to Prevention
of Meningococcus Infection", Viral Hepatite and HIV Infection" published between
1995 and 1997. In the period between 1987 and 1997 alone, the scientists of the institute
prepared and published 15 papers, 28 methodological references and information letters.
After the accident at the Dikanyovsky sewage processing site (1995) and
during the period of fixing the consequences the institute co- ordinated anti-epidemic
activities in Kharkov, Donetsk, and Lugansk regions.
The institute has a Council on defending theses on the subject
"Microbiology", since the creation of independent Ukraine the scientists of the
institute defended 3 Doctor of Science and 16 candidate of science theses, at present the
research is being carried out for 12 Doctor of Science and 26 candidate of science theses
on microbiology, virology, epidemiology, and immunology.
3 Academics, 8 Doctors of Science, and 36 candidates of science work in
the institute. Since 1924 the chair of microbiology functions as part of the institute,
and since 1986 - the chair of clinical microbiology and immunology of Kharkov institute
for doctor proficiency improvement.
edition, Kharkov - 1997