The beginnings of Kharkov
school of physics (which was growing in KSU and KTI - at present KPI), take root in
incredibly productive activities of Nikolay Dmitriyevich Pilchikov, who worked with both
the representatives of the brilliant French school of physics - P.Kuri, G.Lippman,
A.Mascard, A.Cornuet, - and the great minds of national science - D. I. Mendeleyev, A. G.
Stoletov, P. N. Lebedev, A. S. Popov, and others. The indication of the recognition of his
merits internationally was his admission as a member of the council of the French Physical
Society and an honorable member of the International Electric Society. Pilchikov is the
founder of the Earth magnetic field anomaly theory - made a detailed research of the Kursk
magnetic anomaly and scientifically confirmed the argument of the reach deposits of iron
ore in that area, and was consequently awarded the Big Silver Medal of the Russian
Geographical Society in 1884. He discovered the phenomenon of electronic photography and
determined it's principles, conducted fundamental research of atmospheric ionisation and
light polarisation, designed many amazing ingenious devices and appliances, many of which
carry his name, including the prototype of the modern protective suit for astronautes.